Teaching: Critical Architectural Practice (Other Regions)

April 25th 2015


As part of our series on the studies of indigenous architecture and its contemporary applications around the world, we look at a list architects working in this field. A lot of times, the study of the various facets of indigenous architecture tends to remain just that- a study. It remains confined and limited to the domain of research and academia and there is no further growth of the subject. Negative connotations also get associated with words like ‘indigenous’ and ‘vernacular’ as  something that is archaic and not practical in today’s day and age as one cannot see or understand its applications in the contemporary context.

This is where the relationship between academia and practice becomes even more important as academia has to draw from and at the same time refine and give back to on-field practice and vice-versa.  They both share a mutually dependent and beneficial symbiotic relationship where the strength on of one is drawn up by the other. Unfortunately today, both schools of thought function in isolation to such an extent that research and studies conducted in academia have no practical purposes and practice seems to lose itself to a quagmire of ground realities. They are two independent bubbles and this is more so true in the Indian architecture circles.

This list is refreshing look at the unlimited possibilities of contemporary applications of indigenous architecture. Indigenous architecture is very rich and sensible architecture around the world always uses some threads and principles of it in whatever context it may be. But for the sake of this class, we are going to look at only the practices that look at the very obvious visual aspects of indigenous architecture i.e. mostly material and technology. At the risk of sounding repetitive, I would just make a note that these are just two of most obvious characteristics of indigenous architecture, one that can be seen and are easy to understand. The subject is very rich and diverse with countless references and nuances.

The architects in this list have been divided continentally with a special emphasis on the developing continents of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The challenge of building in these regions is multi-fold and here lies also the untapped opportunity to explore, learn, interact, improvise, build and impact. Small changes here are certain to have amplified ramifications. This is where a contemporary intervention is needed and it also where contemporary intervention is possible. That’s why you will find many European Architects building in these developing contexts as building codes and regulations are very strict in the developed world and material diversity scarce. Indian readers will find a lot of similarities with architects from these continents as we all face similar challenges and problem. Moreover this list is certainly not conclusive and is limited by my experience and exposure. Architects here are women, men, young and old, some are dead while some are little known. Yet all of them are beacons of hope in an otherwise bleak and gloomy building environment. Please feel free to suggest additions or subtractions.

 

ASIA-PACIFIC

  • Elora Hardy and John Hardy, Ibuku, Indonesia

http://ibuku.com/

Green School, Indonesia

Green School, Indonesia

  • Yasmeen Lari, Pakistan

http://www.heritagefoundationpak.org/Hf

http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/rebelarchitecture/2014/06/pakistan-traditional-future-201462911924137552.html

Flood Resistant Housing, Sindh, Pakistan

Flood Resistant Housing, Sindh, Pakistan

  • Hsieh Ying-Chun, Rural Architecture Studio, Taiwan

http://www.atelier-3.com/mediawiki/index.php/Home

http://www.hsieh-ying-chun.com/

Wind and Rain Bridge, Hao Tang, Taiwan

Wind and Rain Bridge, Hao Tang, Taiwan

  • Vo Trong Nghia, Vietnam

http://votrongnghia.com/

http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/rebelarchitecture/2014/06/greening-city-2014630864198550.html

Son La Restaurant, Vietnam

Son La Restaurant, Vietnam

  • Nader Khalili, Iran/USA

https://calearth.org/about/index.html

Earth-One, California

Earth-One, California, USA

  • Eko Prawoto, Indonesia
Community Learning Centre, Ujung Alang, Indonesia

Community Learning Centre, Ujung Alang, Indonesia

  • H & P Architects, Vietnam

http://www.hpa.vn/default.aspx

Bb House, Hanoi, Vietnam

Bb House, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • Hashim Sarkis, Hashim Sarkis Studios, Lebanon/USA

http://www.hashimsarkis.com/

Housing for the Fishermen of Tyre,  Lebanon

Housing for the Fishermen of Tyre, Lebanon

AFRICA

  • Hassan Fathy, Egypt

http://www.hassanfathy.webs.com/words-e.html

Gourna, Egypt

Gourna, Egypt

  • Francis Kere, Burkina Faso/ Germany

http://www.kere-architecture.com/

Primary School, Gando, Burkina Faso

Primary School, Gando, Burkina Faso

  • Kunle Adeyemi, Nigeria

http://www.nleworks.com/

http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/rebelarchitecture/2014/06/working-water-20146308464261842.html

Makoko Floating School, Lagos, Nigeria

Makoko Floating School, Lagos, Nigeria

  • Peter Rich, South Africa
Mapungebwe Interpretation Centre, Mapungebwe National Park, South Africa

Mapungebwe Interpretation Centre, Mapungebwe National Park, South Africa

  • Urko Sanchez, Kenya

http://urkosanchez.com/en/home.php

Red Pepper House, Lamu, Kenya

Red Pepper House, Lamu, Kenya

  • Jo Noero, Noero Architects, South Africa

http://www.noeroarchitects.com/

Red Location Museum of Struggle, Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Red Location Museum of Struggle, Port Elizabeth, South Africa

  • Luyanda Mpahlwa, Design Space Africa, South Africa

http://www.designspaceafrica.com/

10x10 House, South Africa

10×10 House, South Africa

SOUTH AMERICA

  • Oscar Hidalgo, Columbia
A book by Oscar Hidalgo

A book by Oscar Hidalgo

  • Simon Velez, Columbia
Iglesia Sin Religion, Columbia

Iglesia Sin Religion, Columbia

  • Alfredo Brillembourg, Urban- Think Tank, Venezuela

http://www.u-tt.com/index.html

Sustainable Choroni Service Module, Choroni, Venezuela

Sustainable Choroni Service Module, Choroni, Venezuela

  • Alejandro Aravena, ELEMENTAL, Chile

http://www.elementalchile.cl/

asdsadas

Quinta Monroy Housing, Iquique, Chile

  • Jorge Mario Jáuregui, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

http://www.jauregui.arq.br/

aasdasd

Manguinhos Complex, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Sergio Fajardo and Alejandro Echeverri, Columbia

http://alejandroecheverriarquitectos.tumblr.com/

The Orquideorama, Medellin, Columbia

The Orquideorama, Medellin, Columbia

EUROPE

 

  • TYIN Architects, Norway

http://www.tyinarchitects.com/

Safe Haven Orphanage, Ban Tha Song Yang, Thailand

Safe Haven Orphanage, Ban Tha Song Yang, Thailand

  • Anna Heringer, Austria

http://www.anna-heringer.com/

METI-Handmade School, Rudrapur, Bangladesh

METI-Handmade School, Rudrapur, Bangladesh

  • Alexander Furunes, Work Shop Architecture, Norway

http://wrkshp.org/

Tacloban Study Centre, Philippines

Tacloban Study Centre, Philippines

  • Walter Segal, London, United Kingdom

http://www.segalselfbuild.co.uk/home.html

Walter Segal

Walter Segal

  • Santiago Cirugeda, Spain

http://www.recetasurbanas.net/v3/index.php/en/

http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/rebelarchitecture/2014/06/spain-guerrilla-architect-201462993348959830.html

'Post-Nuclear Spider' Structure, Seville, Spain

‘Post-Nuclear Spider’ Structure, Seville, Spain

  • BC Architects and Studies, Brussels, Belgium

http://architects.bc-as.org/

Preschool of Anaibich, Morocco

Preschool of Anaibich, Morocco

  • Lucien Kroll, Atelier Kroll, Belgium 

http://homeusers.brutele.be/kroll/index.htm

La Meme student accommodation, Brussels, Belgium

La Meme student accommodation, Brussels, Belgium

  • James Mitchell, Orkid Studio, Glasgow, United Kingdom

https://orkidstudio.co.uk/

Nakuru Orphanage, Kenya

Nakuru Orphanage, Kenya

  • Simone Sfriso, TAM Associati, Venice, Italy

http://www.tamassociati.org/index.html

PAEDIATRIC CENTRE NYALA, SOUTH DARFUR, SUDAN

PAEDIATRIC CENTRE NYALA, SOUTH DARFUR, SUDAN

  • Architecture Sans Frontieres, France

http://www.asfint.org/

Kompian hospital model, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea

Kompian hospital model, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea

NORTH AMERICA

  • Samuel Mockbee, Rural Studio, Auburn, USA

http://www.ruralstudio.org/

Auburn Rural Studio, Harris House, Auburn, USA

Auburn Rural Studio, Harris House, Auburn, USA

  • Rick Joy, Arizona, USA

http://www.rickjoy.com/

Tucson Mountain House, Arizona, USA

Tucson Mountain House, Arizona, USA

  • Teddy Cruz, California, USA

http://estudioteddycruz.com/

adsadas

Casa Familiar: Living Rooms at the Border and Senior Housing with Childcare, San Ysidro, California, USA

  • Michael Maltzan, Michael Maltzan Architecture, Los Angeles, California, USA

http://www.mmaltzan.com/

Inner-City Arts, Los Angeles, California, USA

Inner-City Arts, Los Angeles, California, USA

  • Michael Murphy and Alan Ricks, Mass Design Group, Boston, USA

http://www.massdesigngroup.org/

Ilima Primary School, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Ilima Primary School, Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Wes Janz, One Small Project, USA

www.onesmallproject.org

Structures built during student trips to Sri Lanka were constructed of found materials, including mud and rubble from demolished buildings.

Structures built during student trips to Sri Lanka were constructed of found materials, including mud and rubble from demolished buildings.

 

  • Carmeron Sinclair, Small Works, USA

http://www.cameronsinclair.com/#about-marquee

Building for Syrian Refugees

Building for Syrian Refugees, Jordan

4 comments

    1. Thanks Denver. Yes interesting. Will add.

      Like

  1. yogesh kurhade · · Reply

    please add this guy. Camilo. http://www.arquitecturanativa.org/

    Like

    1. Hi Yogesh. His work looks good. Will add. Thanks.

      Like

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